To backstitch, pull the needle up at A, insert it back into the fabric at B, and bring it up at C. Continue in the
To make a French knot, bring the needle up at A. Wrap the floss around the needle twice without twisting it. Insert the needle into the fabric at B, about 1/16" away from A. Gently push the wraps down the needle to meet the fabric and then pull the needle and floss through the fabric slowly and smoothly.
Lazy Daisy Stitch
To make a lazy daisy stitch, pull your needle up at A and form a loop of floss on the fabric surface. Holding the loop in place, insert your needle back into the fabric at B, about 1/16" away from A. Bring the needle tip out at C and cross it over the trailing floss, keeping the floss as flat as possible. Pull the needle and trailing floss until the loop lies flat against the fabric. Push the needle through to the back at D to secure the loop.
To make a running stitch, pull the needle up at A and insert it back into the fabric at B. Continue in the same manner, loading several stitches on your needle at a time. Leave about a stitch’s width between stitches.
To stem-stitch, pull the needle up at A. Insert the needle back into the fabric at B, about 3/8" away from A. Then, holding the floss out of the way, bring the needle back up at C and pull the floss through so it lies flat against the fabric.
Pull with equal tautness after each stitch.
To whipstitch, work a series of small, evenly spaced straight stitches to secure an appliqué in place.